IN FOCUS: AGRARIAN REFORM

Nearly three decades after the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was signed into law, land reform has yet to be completed in the Philippines. Data from the Department of Agrarian Reform website show that as of the end of 2013, the government has acquired and distributed 6.9 million hectares of land, or 88 percent of the total land subject to agrarian reform.

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After three deadline extensions, there are again clamors to extend the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms (CARPER) for another two years after June 30, 2016. This is not the first time that agrarian reform deadlines have not been met. CARPER is an extension of an extension of the agrarian reform program. || Read more >>

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Latest Publications


Bottom-up Budgeting Process Assessment: Agusan del Norte (DP 2015-26)

Bottom-up Budgeting FY 2015 Assessment: Camarines Sur (DP 2015-27)

Grassroots Participatory Budgeting Process in Negros Province (DP 2015-28)

Assessment of the Bottom-up Budgeting Process for FY 2015 (DP 2015-25)

A System-wide Study of the Logistics Industry in the Greater Capital Region (DP 2015-24)

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Featured Publications

HOW HAS BASIC EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES FARED AND WHAT ELSE NEEDS TO BE DONE?

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One of the Millennium Development Goals is to achieve universal primary education. For the Philippines, there is good news to achieving this target. A bigger proportion of primary-aged children have been going to primary school since 2008, which suggests that the incidence of out-of-school children (OOSC) has declined dramatically for primary school-aged children. Three interrelated factors can be largely attributed to decreasing OOSC in the country: the passage and full implementation of mandatory kindergarten and the K-12 Law; the increasing budget that the Department of Education has obtained from the national government; and the expansion of the government`s conditional cash transfer program, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program, that requires families to send their children to school. These three broad programs changed the way basic education is implemented in the country, and have helped bring the country closer to its goal of universal education. || Read more >>


PROMOTING INCLUSIVE GROWTH THROUGH THE 4PS

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The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) of the Philippines marks its fifth year of implementation in 2013 since its inception in 2008. The first batch of 4Ps beneficiaries will graduate from the program in several months while the government continues to expand its implementation, devising along the way several variants that it deems necessary to address the many facets of poverty. As program graduation nears, many questions arise as to what to expect from this program. At this point, it may be fitting to draw together assessments that have been conducted so far and to look into some important issues in terms of design and implementation. This paper seeks to answer the question of whether expanding the program would likely yield better results. It discusses the outstanding issues raised against the program, most especially those that bear on the program`s ability to facilitate inclusive growth. || Read more >>


POLICY AND ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE WATER-FOOD-ENERGY NEXUS

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This issue of the Development Research News focuses on the significance of an integrated approach in analyzing problems and finding solutions--otherwise known as `nexus thinking`, which is rooted in the `systems thinking` approach. The main feature delves on the relevance of adopting a nexus approach in formulating policies that affect water, food, and energy resources. A feature also tackles insights on how the Philippines can take advantage of the ASEAN integration, specifically highlighting the need to further liberalize the services sector where the Philippines has a competitive advantage and attract more investments by improving the quality of infrastructure services. Articles about the National Greening Program, the K to 12, and the recognition given to the Institute as one of the world`s best think tanks in the recent 2014 Global Go To Think Tanks Report complete this quarter`s issue. || Read more >>


PORT CONGESTION AND UNDERUTILIZATION IN THE GREATER CAPITAL REGION: UNPACKING THE ISSUES

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The heavy traffic congestion along the roads within the Port of Manila, the largest seaport in the Philippines, and in Metro Manila led the City of Manila to impose a truck ban in February of 2014. With the reduced operating hours of container trucks plying the city streets, this resulted in delays in the delivery of goods, accumulation of containers at the port, increased trucking and port costs, among others. This Policy Note presents the key findings of a study that investigated the causes behind the congestion in the Port of Manila and the underutilization of Batangas and Subic Ports. Using survey and focus group discussion, the study looked into the factors that affect the decision of shippers, freight forwarders, logistics services providers, and truckers on their choice of port and their satisfaction ratings of their chosen port. The Note ends with some short-, medium-, and long-term measures to address the congestion and underutilization issues. || Read more >>


K TO 12 REFORM: IMPLICATIONS OF ADDING GRADES 11 AND 12 ON THE HIGHER EDUCATION SUBSECTOR

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With the enactment of the K to 12 program, the basic education cycle is extended to include two additional years at the secondary level. Enrollment in senior high school (SHS), which will comprise Grades 11 and 12, is expected to increase to 2.0 million students in public schools and 0.7 million students in private schools in school year 2017/18. This will have an effect on the availability of classrooms for the SHS program. This Policy Note does an initial assessment of the K to 12 program`s effects on the supply of classrooms and teachers vis-a-vis the projected demand. It points to some windows of opportunities that may be considered as possible solutions, such as allowing higher education institutions to absorb the additional demand for places in SHSs. || Read more >>


AMENDING THE ECONOMIC PROVISIONS OF THE 1987 CONSTITUTION

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This issue of the EID features the amendment of the economic provisions of the 1987 Constitution. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues. || Read more >>


ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI. || Read more >>



Press Releases

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`2015 IS LOOKING GOOD` GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR AGREE AT ECONOMIC SEMINAR

The Philippines can expect a lot of positive growth for the next 24 months. State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) OIC-Vice President Dr. Adoracion Navarro and Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE) President and Chief Executive Officer Hans Sicat came to this optimistic conclusion at the PIDS Philippine Business and Economic Outlook seminar held on May 19 in Makati City. Both agreed, however, that the risk of overlooking important opportunities remain || Read more >>


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APEC URGED TO ENHANCE SUPPLY CHAIN CONNECTIVITY TO BOOST CROSS-BORDER TRADE

Policy researchers at the APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC) Conference 2015 held on May 12-13 in Boracay Island deliberated on the importance of enhancing trade and investment patterns and supply chain connectivity to fully reap the benefits of global value chains. The conference was part of the Second Senior Officials Meeting (SOM2) and Related Meetings of APEC 2015. It was organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies and the Philippine APEC || Read more >>


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CREDIT RATING SYSTEM MAY DECREASE BANKS` AVERSION TO SMALL BUSINESS LENDING

Access to finance is the lifeline of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Majority of Asian economies, however, have bank-dominated financial systems that are cautious to lend to SMEs despite their contribution as source of more than two-thirds of jobs in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) region. This challenge confronting SMEs was underscored by policy researchers present at the APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC) Conference 2015 held on May 12-13 in Boracay Is || Read more >>


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AUSTRALIA`S MODEL OF DISASTER FUNDING USEFUL FOR DISASTER-PRONE APEC COUNTRIES

The increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters could seriously hamper the efforts of economies gearing up for higher and sustained growth. Policy researchers who attended the APEC Study Centers Consortium Conference 2015 held on May 12-13 in Boracay Island underscored that it is time for governments to have provision for disaster funding. Repeated disasters constrain public finances and contribute to the cycle of poverty in affected communities. A disaster-prone || Read more >>


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APEC RESEARCHERS OFFER STRATEGIES TO ACCELERATE PLANS FOR A FREE TRADE AREA

Discussions of possible pathways to the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) were one of the highlights of the recently concluded APEC Study Centers Consortium Conference 2015 held on May 12-13 in Boracay Island. In promoting and advancing regional economic integration, APEC seeks to create a community that is more economically integrated, where goods, services, and people move seamlessly across borders, and a dynamic business environment is further enabled. This is || Read more >>


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SMES VULNERABLE TO DISASTERS; COOPERATION FOR SUPPLY CHAIN RESILIENCE IN APEC PUSHED

Enhancing the capacity of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to resist, absorb, and recover from the effects of natural disasters in a timely and efficient manner is key to achieving inclusive growth in the APEC region. SMEs are considered engines of growth and employment in the APEC region. Over 97 percent of businesses in APEC are SMEs, providing jobs to more than half of the workers in the Asia-Pacific region. However, APEC member-countries are prone to intense natural d || Read more >>


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VALUE OF RESEARCH IN ADDRESSING APEC CHALLENGES HIGHLIGHTED IN CONFERENCE OPENING SESSION

BORACAY ISLAND"Research plays a crucial role in raising awareness and facilitating discussions of important Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)-related issues and processes to help support the vision and goals of APEC. In his keynote address at the opening of the 2015 APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC) Conference in Boracay Island on May 12, Deputy Director-General Rolando G. Tungpalan of the National Economic and Development Authority noted that the APEC study cent || Read more >>


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DEVELOPMENT OF SMES TO TAKE CENTER STAGE IN APEC RESEARCH CONFERENCE

Enhancing the ability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to take advantage of trade opportunities and be able to participate in the regional and global markets is one of the highlights of this year`s conference of the APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC). Slated for May 12-13, the ASCC Conference serves as an avenue for researchers and scholars to discuss and exchange ideas on the APEC themes and to identify areas for regional collaboration among APEC Study Centers. The || Read more >>


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APEC RESEARCH CONFERENCE SLATED FOR MAY 12-13 IN BORACAY

Researchers from across the Asia-Pacific region will share their analyses and insights on Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) issues at the 2015 APEC Study Centers Consortium Conference on 12-13 May in Boracay Island, Philippines. The conference is part of the Second Senior Officials Meeting (SOM2) and Related Meetings of APEC and organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) and the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN), in pa || Read more >>


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