Statement of PIDS President Gilbert Llanto regarding media reports on the Commission on Audit findings

This is to clarify certain issues raised against the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in connection with the 2013 Annual Audit Report of the Commission on Audit (COA), and published in the newspapers and online news web sites today. || Read more >>


IN FOCUS: Food security and inclusive growth

The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as a condition “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”. The concept of food security is regarded as having both physical and economic access to food that meets people's dietary needs and their food preferences. A recent publication of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations underscored the food insecurity problem the world is facing. Food production needs to increase by 70 percent to keep up with the global population that is projected to grow from 6 billion in 2009 to 9 billion in 2050.

Food security is a major concern of the agricultural sector since it produces the bulk of a country's food needs. Both the government and the private sector can work together to generate more investments in the food sector so as to increase the capacity to produce more food. In a discussion paper, Dr. Gilberto Llanto, PIDS president, and Ms. Jocelyn Badio || Read more >>

To view previous In Focus, please click here.


Latest Publications


Targeting the Agricultural Poor: The Case of PCIC`s Special Programs (DP 2015-08)

Review of Design and Implementation of the Agricultural Insurance Programs of the Philippine Crop Insurance Corporation (DP 2015-07)

Does Innovation Mediate Good Firm Performance? (DP 2015-06)

A Comprehensive Philippine Government Strategy on the Competitiveness of the Services Sector (DP 2015-05)

Competition Reform in the Philippine Rice Sector (DP 2015-04)

VIEW ALL PUBLICATIONS


Featured Publications

THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM: HOPE FOR OUR BALDING FORESTS

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This Policy Note briefly reviews the performance so far of the National Greening Program (NGP) at the national and regional levels based on available data and information from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and the Commission on Audit, and from a recent study conducted by PIDS. The study concludes with some recommendations that can be done in the interim to improve the conduct of the NGP. This Note also discusses the newly commenced NGP impact assessment project being conducted by PIDS and other program-related developments. This impact assessment should provide further recommendations for the implementation of the program in its closing years and the conduct of future reforestation programs. || Read more >>


FEEDING SEVERELY WASTED CHILDREN IN SCHOOL: EXAMINING PROCESSES IN DEPED’S SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM

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In the Philippines, the Department of Education (DepED) has been conducting food for education (FFE) programs since 1997. Its current FFE program, the School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP), has for its main objectives the rehabilitation of severely wasted children to normal nutrition status and the improvement of classroom attendance of these children, as well as that of their health and nutrition status and behavior. This Policy Note presents the findings of the process evaluation of the SBFP. In particular, the evaluation examined the processes undertaken by the DepED in the SBFP and complementary activities during SY 2013-2014, when DepED targeted 40,361 beneficiaries enrolled in 814 schools located in 20 provinces and eight cities. The Note finds that while the program has been managed well, there are implementation issues that need to be addressed, and policies that may require adjustments. || Read more >>


CHOKE POINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN OF ASEAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: A PHILIPPINE COUNTRY STUDY

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This study identifies and examines "choke points" in the supply chain of two selected commodity groups that are of interest to the region of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: crude coconut oil (which belongs to the HS15 group), and fish and crustacean, mollusks, and other aquatic invertebrates (which belong to the HS03 group). For crude coconut oil, no major choke points were identified from mill site to export stages, but cost and delay factors were found at the farm-to-mill stage, such as low farm productivity, among others. For fisheries, several choke points were identified, such as poor quality of domestic roads and low capacity of vehicles, among others. The study recommends specific types of road investments, a competition policy in domestic shipping (both for crude coconut oil and fisheries), industry restructuring in the case of coconut, and compliance with SPS measures in the case of fisheries. || Read more >>


PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE SADDLED BY POOR IRRIGATION SYSTEMS

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The main feature in this issue of the DRN dwells on the critical policy issues in irrigation development confronting the agriculture sector. In particular, it discusses the unsuitable design of irrigation systems arising from poor assumptions and technical calculations, the trade-offs between construction of new systems and rehabilitation of existing ones, operational and maintenance issues, and financing and cost recovery. Since the 1980s, the relevance of continuing the heavy public investments in irrigation expansion has begun to be questioned due to the consistently poor performance of the national irrigation systems. || Read more >>


AMENDING THE ECONOMIC PROVISIONS OF THE 1987 CONSTITUTION

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This issue of the EID features the amendment of the economic provisions of the 1987 Constitution. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues. || Read more >>


PROCESS ASSESSMENT OF THE BOTTOM-UP BUDGETING: THE CASE OF QUEZON PROVINCE

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The Bottom-up Budgeting (BUB) aims to ensure that funding requirements for the development needs of municipalities and cities are included in agency budget proposals. It promotes inclusive participation in community development by empowering civil society organizations to be engaged in the budgeting process. This Policy Note presents the results of a process assessment of the BUB in Quezon Province. It was part of a bigger study, commissioned by the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, that covered 12 municipalities and cities in four provinces representing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. || Read more >>


WHY GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS AND SERVICES MATTER: IMPLICATION FOR APEC 2015

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Hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 2015 provides an opportunity for the Philippines to advance its economic interests in services trade and contribute to regional integration by highlighting the critical importance of global value chains (GVCs). An output of a research project on APEC 2015 commissioned by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, this Policy Note looks at the GVC phenomenon and presents a measure of GVC participation at the aggregate level. It discusses the role of services in GVCs and proposes that further analytical work on services value chains in the Asia-Pacific region be undertaken. This will contribute to a better understanding of how individual economies can maximize GVC participation and how APEC can create the appropriate policy environment conducive to the growth of services value chains. || Read more >>


ESTABLISHING THE LINKAGES BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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The 21-member economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have different levels of economic development and, in turn, differentiated stages of human resource development. Given this asymmetry, the benefits of complementation and learning from the experiences of economies that have achieved a certain degree of inclusive growth are worth exploring. This initiative can provide avenues for addressing the development gaps within the Asia-Pacific region, which can contribute to achieving inclusive growth. This Policy Note is an output of a research project on APEC 2015 commissioned by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies. It discusses the linkages between human resource development and inclusive growth. It also provides policy recommendations on possible cooperative measures in human resource development for APEC member-economies. || Read more >>


ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI. || Read more >>



Highlights

JOBS CHALLENGE TAKES CENTER STAGE IN DPRM 2014

Inclusivity remains a critical challenge for the Philippines. Despite an outstanding growth performance in 2013, widespread poverty and joblessness persist - signs that growth continues to benefit only a few. Three million Filipinos were without jobs in 2013 and 7.51 million were underemployed. By 2012, the proportion of the population living below poverty line was 25.2 percent.

The Philippine Development Plan 2011-2016 recommends a number of strategies to enhance job generation, which include, among others, opening legitimate channels for all forms of employment and mutually beneficial work arrangements, and exploiting the country's comparative advantage in labor-intensive activities. In support of the PDP, the 12th Development Policy Research Month (DPRM) has for its theme, "Addressing the Jobs Challenge toward Inclusive Growth", to give emphasis to the urgent need to address the perennially high rates of unemployment and underemployment in the country. With the Philippines in the cusp of major international and regional developments such as the forthcoming ASEAN economy community in 2015, it is high time that we take a look at labor policies and regulations and other binding constraints that hamper the country's ability to generate ample and productive jobs and make use of its abundant resources. We should determine what policy measures and interventions can make a serious dent on high income inequality and poverty incidence.


To view previous Highlights please click here


Press Releases

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PIDS CONTINUES TO BE ONE OF THE WORLD`S BEST THINK TANKS

The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) continues to be recognized as one of the world`s best think tanks for its outstanding public policy research, analysis, engagement, and impact. In the 2014 Global Go To Think Tanks Report and Policy Advice of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania, PIDS was recognized in three categories. PIDS remained the top social policy think tank in South East Asia and 37th among the t || Read more >>


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NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LGUS URGED TO COOPERATE ON INVESTING IN INFRASTRUCTURE

The Philippines risks failing to fully enjoy the gains of its economic growth if the government does not adopt a strategic national urbanization blueprint and follow it through with strong implementation. In a discussion paper originally presented to the Network of East Asian Think-Tanks in Singapore last September, Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) Senior Research Fellow Adoracion M. Navarro concludes that the status of the country`s urban planning and || Read more >>


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MOOCS CAN HELP MAKE EDUCATION AFFORDABLE AND ACCESSIBLE

MOOCs can help make education affordable and accessible Massive open online courses (MOOCs) can be a good way to make education inclusive. Speaking at a recent forum organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in Makati City, former World Bank Lead Economist Marito Garcia noted that the escalating cost of tertiary education can deprive poor people from getting high-quality education, and later on, quality high-paying jobs. MOOCs c || Read more >>


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RISE IN FOOD PRICES GOOD FOR THE ECONOMY BUT HURTS THE POOR - STUDY

An increase in world prices of agricultural commodities has nuanced impacts: good for the nation`s economy but bad for the poor. Professor German Calfat, an expert on the relationship and nature of trade and national development at the University of Antwerp, shared this conclusion during a seminar-forum organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies. His presentation was based on the findings of his research on Poverty impacts of changes in the || Read more >>


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SEMINAR ON DISTANCE LEARNING TO HELP PH EDUCATION SLATED

State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has scheduled a forum addressing the need to boost the countrys education system through a recent development in distance education called Massive Open Online Courses. The seminar titled `Distance Education through the Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)` is scheduled for Monday, 27 January 2015, from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. at the Romulo Hall of the NEDA sa Makati Bldg., 106 Amorsolo St., Legaspi Village || Read more >>


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GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS MUST BE DISCUSSED AT APEC - MANILA 2015

The Philippines can continue to reinforce the importance of global value chains (GVCs) when the country hosts the Asia-Pacific Economic meeting this year, recommends a study released by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). The Policy Note, `Why global value chains and services matter: Implication for APEC 2015`, authored by PIDS Senior Research Fellow, Dr. Ramonette Serafica, depicts the aggregated GVC participation index of countries in the || Read more >>


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COORDINATION NEEDED AGAINST TB-DIABETES TANDEM--STUDY

The Philippines is not prepared to detect and prevent the complications, including resistance to treatment, posed by the tandem of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Researchers of state think-tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), led by Dr. Emmanuel S. Baja, urge national health agencies to work together to initiate research studies and produce a coordinated response to detect, prevent, and manage the deadly TB-DM tandem in a study released || Read more >>


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STUDY BATS FOR EXPANSION OF COVERAGE FOR `CATASTROPHIC` DISEASES

A study by the state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies is calling for the expansion of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation`s (PhilHealth) health coverage for catastrophic illnesses through private supplemental insurance. According to the PIDS study, titled `Exploring private supplemental insurance for catastrophic illnesses`, authored by Noel Juban and Benito R. Reverente, the PhilHealth `Z` package, designed to address catastrophic cases, has || Read more >>


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PIDS WELCOMES FORMER ENERGY SECRETARY LOTILLA AS NEW BOARD MEMBER

State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies welcomed former Energy Secretary Atty. Raphael Perpetuo M. Lotilla last December 16 as the new member of its Board of Trustees. He took his oath before PIDS Board Chairman and National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Director General and Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Arsenio M. Balisacan at the NEDA Head Office in Pasig. Atty. Lotilla brings to the Board his vast experience from years of government se || Read more >>


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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP KEY TO FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE IN ASEAN

Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mechanism is one way to build infrastructure in the ASEAN, especially in member-states where public funds are insufficient to finance infrastructure development. In a book published by the Economic Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) titled `Financing ASEAN Connectivity,` the authors, composed of 13 ASEAN scholars and experts, stressed the important role of PPP in achieving the objectives of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity. ASE || Read more >>


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