PORT CONGESTION AND UNDERUTILIZATION IN THE GREATER CAPITAL REGION: UNPACKING THE ISSUES
The heavy traffic congestion along the roads within the Port of Manila, the largest seaport in the Philippines, and in Metro Manila led the City of Manila to impose a truck ban in February of 2014. With the reduced operating hours of container trucks plying the city streets, this resulted in delays in the delivery of goods, accumulation of containers at the port, increased trucking and port costs, among others. This Policy Note presents the key findings of a study that investigated the causes behind the congestion in the Port of Manila and the underutilization of Batangas and Subic Ports. Using survey and focus group discussion, the study looked into the factors that affect the decision of shippers, freight forwarders, logistics services providers, and truckers on their choice of port and their satisfaction ratings of their chosen port. The Note ends with some short-, medium-, and long-term measures to address the congestion and underutilization issues. || Read more >>
K TO 12 REFORM: IMPLICATIONS OF ADDING GRADES 11 AND 12 ON THE HIGHER EDUCATION SUBSECTOR
With the enactment of the K to 12 program, the basic education cycle is extended to include two additional years at the secondary level. Enrollment in senior high school (SHS), which will comprise Grades 11 and 12, is expected to increase to 2.0 million students in public schools and 0.7 million students in private schools in school year 2017/18. This will have an effect on the availability of classrooms for the SHS program. This Policy Note does an initial assessment of the K to 12 program`s effects on the supply of classrooms and teachers vis-a-vis the projected demand. It points to some windows of opportunities that may be considered as possible solutions, such as allowing higher education institutions to absorb the additional demand for places in SHSs. || Read more >>
PROMOTING WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE APEC ECONOMIES: SOME RECOMMENDATIONS
Increasing women`s economic participation is not yet universally accepted despite three decades of global advocacy; and women empowerment and gender equality are still a work in progress. A mechanism that can be tapped to promote women`s economic participation is the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). This Policy Note outlines some recommendations on how to enhance women`s participation in the APEC economies. The recommendations are organized into two strands: at the level of the national economy and at the regional level. At the level of the national economy, efforts must now be taken to ensure that women`s economic opportunities are not eroded and that women are prepared to cope with the challenges of the new order. At the regional level, close collaboration with the business sector should lead to the formulation of initiatives that would promote women`s economic empowerment and enterprise growth. || Read more >>
IS POVERTY REALLY DECREASING, AND IF NOT, WHY NOT?
The Philippines has recently experienced economic growth. But economic growth has not translated into poverty reduction. This Policy Note examines trends in official (monetary) poverty statistics. It also looks into why poverty reduction has been historically lackluster in the Philippines using available panel data that provide information on dynamics of household welfare and living conditions in the country. It pointed out that in the period 2003-2009, poor Filipinos were more likely to experience higher income growth but some nonpoor have also been vulnerable to slide into poverty. This suggests that government should not only be concerned with the poor, but should also have policy instruments to assist those who are nonpoor but plagued by economic risks. || Read more >>
CHALLENGES IN THE ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN AS ENTREPRENEURS
Filipino women are active as entrepreneurs. A Department of Trade and Industry data in 2009 showed that 54 percent of enterprises are owned by women. This Policy Note discusses the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs. To achieve inclusive growth in the Asia-Pacific region, it is critical to increase the economic opportunities of women in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies. APEC members must take national-level and regional actions toward creating enabling environments for women enterprises and empowering women entrepreneurs. The significant numbers of women entrepreneurs reflect the huge potential of women to make substantial contributions to the national economy. For this to be realized, they need to be supported through appropriate and timely interventions toward growing and scaling up their business. || Read more >>
CHOKE POINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN OF ASEAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: A PHILIPPINE COUNTRY STUDY
This study identifies and examines "choke points" in the supply chain of two selected commodity groups that are of interest to the region of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: crude coconut oil (which belongs to the HS15 group), and fish and crustacean, mollusks, and other aquatic invertebrates (which belong to the HS03 group). For crude coconut oil, no major choke points were identified from mill site to export stages, but cost and delay factors were found at the farm-to-mill stage, such as low farm productivity, among others. For fisheries, several choke points were identified, such as poor quality of domestic roads and low capacity of vehicles, among others. The study recommends specific types of road investments, a competition policy in domestic shipping (both for crude coconut oil and fisheries), industry restructuring in the case of coconut, and compliance with SPS measures in the case of fisheries. || Read more >>
PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE SADDLED BY POOR IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
The main feature in this issue of the DRN dwells on the critical policy issues in irrigation development confronting the agriculture sector. In particular, it discusses the unsuitable design of irrigation systems arising from poor assumptions and technical calculations, the trade-offs between construction of new systems and rehabilitation of existing ones, operational and maintenance issues, and financing and cost recovery. Since the 1980s, the relevance of continuing the heavy public investments in irrigation expansion has begun to be questioned due to the consistently poor performance of the national irrigation systems. || Read more >>
AMENDING THE ECONOMIC PROVISIONS OF THE 1987 CONSTITUTION
This issue of the EID features the amendment of the economic provisions of the 1987 Constitution. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues. || Read more >>
ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH
This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI. || Read more >>
PIDS to host annual conference of APEC study centers in May
The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), lead convenor of the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN), is organizing the 2015 APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC) Conference which will be held on May 12-13, 2015 in Boracay Island, Philippines. The conference is part of the Second Senior Officials Meeting (SOM 2) and related activities.
The conference session will follow the priority areas of APEC 2015, namely: enhancing regional economic integration; fostering SMEs' participation in the regional and global economy; investing in human capital development; and building sustainable and resilient communities.
The annual ASCC Conference provides an excellent opportunity for academics and scholars to discuss and exchange ideas on the APEC themes and to identify areas for regional collaboration among other APEC Study Centers (ASCs). Outcomes of the conference may serve as inputs to the different APEC working group discussions and may be integrated in the Leader's statements.
The PASCN is one of the ASCs in APEC member-economies. ASCs undertake research, disseminate information, and facilitate discussion on APEC-related issues to support the attainment of APEC's vision and goals. The PASCN was established in 1996 through an administrative order as the Philippines' response to the APEC Leaders Education Initiative, which aims to develop regional cooperation in higher education and research. It is composed of the Asian Institute of Management, Ateneo De Manila University, Central Luzon State University, De La Salle University, Mindanao State University, Silliman University, University of Asia and the Pacific, University of San Carlos, University of the Philippines, Xavier University, Department of Foreign Affairs-Foreign Service Institute, and PIDS.
Check out the conference details in the ASCC 2015 and PASCN websites.
Inquiries may be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org (copy to email@example.com).
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The seven month-long truck ban last year in Metro Manila cost the national economy around PHP 43.85 billion. But while the country`s leaders insist that the operation has normalized in the ports since February 2015, there are complex problems with port congestion and underutilization that need urgent attention.
A recent policy note released by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Port Congestion and Underutilization in the Greater Capital R || Read more >>
State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies has recently announced the appointment of Dr. Adoracion Navarro, as the new Officer-in-Charge (OIC) of the Office of the Vice President. She takes over from Dr. Rafaelita Aldaba who is on secondment to the Department of Trade and Industry as Assistant Secretary for Industry Development.
In 2013, Navarro was recognized as one of the 40 Under 40 Leaders in International Development by DevEx, the world`s largest inte || Read more >>
Amid the apprehension of some sectors and leader || Read more >>
As the country observes Women`s Month this March, state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies released two timely policy notes on women entrepreneurs as outputs of the APEC 2015 Research Project commissioned by the Department of Foreign Affairs. The author and PIDS consultant, Lucita Lazo, explores the different obstacles women entrepreneurs face in the Philippines. Her policy notes outline challenges and opportunities for policymakers to help women entrepre || Read more >>
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), in its official estimated poverty figures for the first half of 2013, reported that 24.9 percent of Filipinos were poor in the first semester of 2013 based on the 2013 Annual Poverty Ind || Read more >>
The Department of Education`s (DepEd) School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP) is a "well-managed" program according to a study recently released by state think-tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). However, study authors of the study have also identified vital areas that require improvement. Authors Dr. Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ana Maria L. Tabunda and Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, PIDS senior research fellow, chief research fellow at Pulse Asia, and scientist at the || Read more >>