Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Surian sa mga Pag-aaral Pangkaunlaran ng Pilipinas

Follow Us:

IN FOCUS: Trade Agreements

Increasing East Asian economic integration impelled the country to enter into bilateral and regional free trade agreements (FTAs) to overcome barriers to trade, amid continued deadlock in multilateral trade talks under the World Trade Organization. The country has engaged in 15 FTAs, seven of which are in effect and two are under negotiation. Six of these FTAs were proposed recently.

A historic feat is the entry into force of the Philippines-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (PJEPA), the Philippines’ first bilateral free trade agreement. A study b read more...

To view previous In Focus, please click here.


Latest Publications


Labor Policy Analysis for Jobs Expansion and Development (DP 2014-34)

Child Poverty in the Philippines (DP 2014-33)

The Philippine Manufacturing Industry Roadmap: Agenda for New Industrial Policy, High Productivity Jobs, and Inclusive Growth (DP 2014-32)

Designing a Cooperation Framework for Philippine Competition and Regulatory Agencies (DP 2014-31)

Toward Competitive and Innovative ASEAN SMEs: Philippine SME Policy Index 2012 (DP 2014-30)

VIEW ALL PUBLICATIONS


Featured Publications

ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH

image

This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI.

Read more...



REGIONAL INTEGRATION, INCLUSIVE GROWTH, AND POVERTY: ENHANCING EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE POOR

image

Regional economic integration in East Asia is characterized initially as a market-driven process of increased trade and foreign direct investment inflows, and eventually by formal arrangements to liberalize trade and integrate economic activities through free trade agreements among East and Southeast Asian countries. This has led to more intensified regional production networks in which East and Southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines, participated. Set against the backdrop of continuing economic integration in the region, economic growth in the Philippines has not been as inclusive as in the other countries as manifested in the increase in the magnitude of poverty incidence. This paper examines how the Philippines can improve its record on poverty reduction by looking at how it can generate greater demand for the labor services of the poor. Specifically, this paper looks into the linkage between regional production networks and inclusive growth in the Philippines through employment generation for the poor.

Read more...



MULTISECTORAL COALITION TO ADVOCATE FOR REFORMS IN SERVICES SECTOR

image

This second issue of the Development Research News announces the revival of the Philippine Services Coalition that will study and advocate for reforms in the services sector, parts of which are said to have restrictive policies on investment. The sector is the engine of growth for the Philippine economy with a potential to attract a large amount of foreign direct investments and generate millions of jobs. Competitive services, however, are necessary to maximize the country`s potential and sustain real growth amid integration in the region that requires the smooth flow of both goods and services. This issue also features the results of an impact evaluation of labor policies, in particular the minimum wage.

Read more...



PJD 2012 SPECIAL VOLUME ON ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY - INTRODUCTION

image

This special volume of the Philippine Journal of Development (PJD) is devoted to discussions and analyses of issues on the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) 2015 implementation. Except for the services liberalization paper, all the papers were carried out under the AEC Scorecard Project of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. The project aimed to assess the status of the Philippines` commitments, understand the factors affecting the AEC implementation, and improve the AEC Scorecard. The reports covered trade liberalization, trade facilitation, agriculture, investment facilitation and promotion, services liberalization and the need for capacity building, movement of professional workers, and logistics and transport connectivity. They examined the issues and implications arising from liberalization and crafted measures on the way forward and how the government can facilitate the implementation of the AEC agreements taking into account the country`s own domestic development aspirations and industrial strategy.

Read more...



PJEPA: STRENGTHENING THE FOUNDATION FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION AND ECONOMIC INTEGRATION, VOL. II

image

This two-volume publication of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) and the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN) is composed of 17 studies that assess the potential impact of the Philippines-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (PJEPA) on the Philippine macroeconomy and key sectors, which include agriculture, manufacturing and trade, small and medium enterprises, and tourism. Jointly conducted in 2003 by the PIDS, PASCN, and the Department of Trade and Industry, these studies aided the Philippine representatives during the negotiations for the agreement with Japan from 2004 to 2006. Volume II contains papers that present impact analyses on specific sectors and concerns, and how the agreement will affect the domestic economy. This volume also identifies which sectors will benefit from and will be disadvantaged by an economic partnership with Japan.

Read more...



COMPETITION IN THE RICE VALUE CHAIN: HIGHLIGHTS OF A RAPID APPRAISAL

image

This Policy Note discusses the rice value chain and how the policy on restricting rice imports impacts the various stakeholders in the chain. It is based on a rapid appraisal of the rice value chain conducted through interviews in October 2013 of key informants from the National Food Authority and each of the nodes of the rice supply chain from the producing, trading, and milling markets in Nueva Ecija and Pangasinan to the milling and wholesale markets in Bulacan, and the wholesale and retail markets in Manila. The rapid appraisal was carried out as part of the project "Competition Reforms in Key Markets for Enhancing Social and Economic Welfare in Developing Countries", a collaborative undertaking of the Consumer Unity and Trust Society (CUTS) International, PIDS, and Action for Economic Reforms. The project aims to demonstrate the benefits of competition reforms for consumers and producers and generate support from policymakers in developing countries.

Read more...



LINKING SMALL FARMERS TO MODERN MARKETS: THE ROLE OF CONTRACT FARMING

image

This Policy Note summarizes a study by Roehlano Briones titled "Small farmers in high-value chains: Binding or relaxing constraints to inclusive growth?", which seeks to assess the impact of contract farming on small farmers in the Philippines using evidence-based methods. Specifically, the study aims to characterize contract farming for a major value chain in Philippine agriculture, determine the impact of contract farming on the farm incomes of smallholders, and assess the degree to which participation in contract farming is biased toward farmers with larger endowments.

Read more...



BAKIT NAGMAHAL ANG BIGAS NOONG 2013? AT BAKIT MAHAL PA RIN? THE CONTINUING SAGA OF RICE SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN THE PHILIPPINES

image

The rice price spike experienced in the third quarter of 2013 alarmed the public. Speculations spread about the cause of the spike, the most popular of which was the hoarding by private traders. Rice cartels were also blamed for price manipulation. These cartels were perceived to connive with rice smugglers in an unholy alliance. It is easy to blame rice traders and smugglers for price manipulation, but it is another thing to produce evidence for this accusation. This Policy Note is the outcome of a study on the actual state of rice supply in the country. It looks into the rice price spike in 2013 by taking a different approach instead of subscribing to the notion of secret conspiracies. The alternative explanation taken by the study invokes nothing more than standard supply and demand. It proposes that the inadequacy of supply starting from mid-2013 can be attributed to the reduction in imports due to government policy. Such reduction was neither compensated for by a commensurate increase in domestic production nor by a timely release from the buffer stock.

Read more...



FORMULATING THE PHILIPPINE SERVICES STRATEGY FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH

image

Competitive services are necessary for inclusive growth. Services not only directly contribute to jobs creation and value added in the economy but affect the performance of other sectors through critical intersectoral linkages. Improving the competitiveness of all services is thus essential to transform the economy and achieve broad-based growth. However, there are still vast opportunities left untapped to fully exploit its role in the economy. This Policy Note explains why a Philippine services strategy is essential to maximize the sector`s potential in contributing to the attainment of inclusive growth.

Read more...



INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOR OF LOCAL FIRMS: RESULTS OF THE 2009 PILOT SURVEY OF INNOVATION ACTIVITIES - TOWARDS AN INNOVATION-LED DEVELOPMENT PATH IN THE PHILIPPINES

image

The 2009 Survey of Innovation Activities (SIA), the Philippines` pilot survey on innovation and an outcome of the national innovation strategy called "FILIPINNOVATION", aims to generate information on innovative behavior of establishments in selected areas and industries in the Philippines. The SIA sampled 474 establishments from a sampling frame of 1,824 firms across three major industries: (a) food manufacturing, (b) electronics manufacturing, and (c) information and communications technology in four study areas: Quezon City, Metro Cebu, Davao City, and the Philippine Economic Zone Authority areas in Cavite and Laguna.

To give more information and understanding about the dynamics of innovation with economic growth as well as to benchmark national performance, the Department of Science and Technology, with funding support from the International Development Research Centre, launched the SIA with the help of the National Statistics Office to conduct the actual survey and the Philippine Institute for Development Studies to do the analysis of the survey results.

Read more...




Highlights

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMPACT EVALUATION, 1-5 SEPTEMBER 2014, ADB HEADQUARTERS, MANILA, PHILIPPINES

"Making Impact Evaluation Matter: Better Evidence for Effective Policies and Programmes", an international conference being organised by ADB, 3ie and PIDS, will take place on 3-5 September. It will be preceded by 2.5 days of preconference workshops on 1-3 September. All activities will be held in ADB. There will be five to six streams of preconference workshops and up to eight streams of parallel sessions, allowing for over 150 presentations. Speakers for the plenary sessions will include distinguished international figures from the field of impact evaluation.

Presentation and workshop proposals are invited on all aspects of impact evaluation, including findings, methods, and translation of evidence into policy.

To download the Call for Papers, go to http://impactevaluation2014.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Call-for-Papers1.pdf

The deadline for submission of proposals is 3 July 2014. Submissions should be made in MS Word format via email to conference2014@3ieimpact.org.

It is mandatory to register online to take part in the conference-whether you are presenting or not. To register, go to http://impactevaluation2014.org/registration/.

There is no registration fee for nationals of low- and middle-income countries who are currently employed by a government or local nongovernment agency (not an international agency) in a low- or middle-income country.

Bursaries (courtesy of USAID) are available for participants from low- and middle-income countries. A bursary will cover return economy airfare and hotel accommodation. All other expenses (ground transport, visa, meals outside the event) must be paid by the participant or their employer. Preference will be given to bursary applicants who have a paper or workshop accepted for the conference.

For those in the Philippines, a limited number of bursaries are available for participants outside of Metro Manila.

More details about this event are available at http://impactevaluation2014.org/.


An Overview of the PIDS-CHED Graduate Tracer Study 2013

The need for reliable and timely information of the employment destinations and conditions of the graduates of higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country and the market relevance of their college education/trainings cannot be overemphasized especially with the persistent concern noted by some sectors on the mismatches between labor market specifications and the competencies gained by graduates. To gather empirical evidence to validate these observations, the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) has conducted the Graduate Tracer Study 2013 (GTS 2013). Now on its fourth round, this study will revisit past experiences in the conduct of the survey as well as look at some of the key considerations that will be taken in this round. In particular, key conceptual and methodological considerations are highlighted to show how GTS 2013 will be of particular benefit to policymakers and higher education professionals alike.

Read more for details about this project.


To view previous Highlights please click here


Press Releases

PRICE AND POOR USE OF FERTILIZERS THREATEN PH AGRI SECTOR


image

Large discrepancies in the commercial price of fertilizers and the sub-optimal application of fertilizer of farmers are major challenges that threaten the Philippine agricultural sector. Study author Dr. Roehlano Briones, senior research fellow of state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies, identified two significant challenges facing the sector agriculture in regards to fertilizer sector---inefficient fertilizer marketing

Read more...



GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAMS SHOULD ADDRESS PH DEVELOPMENT NEEDS


image

Philippine graduate education system is critical to serve the country's development goals. This was stressed in a research paper published by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). It is necessary to determine if the graduate education programs in the country contribute to the skills and competencies needed in the labor market, said Mira Alexis Ofreneo, author of the study and PIDS research consultant. Moreover,

Read more...



NATIONAL SCIENTIST CALLS FOR `TECHNOLOGY-EXPLICIT` DEV`T AGENDA


image

A `technology-explicit` development agenda is needed to increase productivity and foster inclusive growth, according to one of the country`s top scientists. Dr. William Padolina, president of the National Academy of Science and Technology and member of the board of trustees of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), made the call in his keynote address during the annual Symposium and General Assembly of the Philippine APEC Study

Read more...



AEC OPPORTUNITIES MUST BE SEIZED, NOT FEARED


image

The ASEAN Economic Integration (AEC) offers immense business opportunities that both the government and the private sector must exploit to fully benefit from its advantages. This was underscored in a regional forum on the ASEAN Economic Community organized by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Regional Office 9 with the participation of state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) and the Department

Read more...



COMPETITION POLICY NEEDED FOR PHL RICE AND TRANSPORT SECTORS


image

A competition policy for the rice and passenger transport sector is needed to encourage innovation and prevent cartels. This was stressed in a national reference group meeting organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) with the Consumer Unity and Trust Society (CUTS) International based in Jaipur, India, and the Action for Economic Reforms (AER) and attended by various sector leaders. PIDS Senior Rese

Read more...



SERVICES SECTOR NEEDS NATIONAL VISION


image

The Philippine services sector needs an articulated and comprehensive national strategy to maximize its potentials as a growth engine for the economy. In the National Workshop on Services organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) and the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), experts and stakeholders from the private and public sectors underscored the need for a more focused national strategy for services

Read more...



PHL CAN BE ASIA`S VALUABLE BRAND IN SERVICES TRADE


image

The Philippines has vast potentials to be the heart of services trade in Asia Pacific. A study authored by Dr. Ramonette Serafica, research consultant of state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), underscores the vast opportunities left untapped in the services sector. The services sector has significantly contributed to the Philippine economy in increasing employment, investment, and revenue generation. It repre

Read more...



PHILIPPINE ECONOMY TO BENEFIT FROM EU RECOVERY


image

Recovery in the European Union (EU) will boost the Philippine economy given strong trade and investment relations between the two. In a recent forum organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Prof. Lino Briguglio of the Department of Economics, University of Malta, noted that "economic conditions in the EU are likely to have an effect on the Philippine economy, given that the EU is an important trade pa

Read more...



RICE PRICE SPIKE LAST YEAR DUE TO LOW IMPORTS


image

Blaming rice cartels for price manipulation cannot be considered a definitive explanation of last year's rice price hike. Sharp drop in imports is a more logical and evidence-based explanation, according to a study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). Written by Dr. Roehlano Briones, PIDS Senior Research Fellow, and Ivory Myka Galang, PIDS Research Analyst, the paper cited the inadequacy of supply starting

Read more...



"BIG DATA" POSE CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES TO PHL


image

Various digital data by-products from electronic devices, social media, search engines, sensors, and tracking devices (including climate sensors and global positioning systems or GPS) - also known as Big Data - have developmental uses. A paper by Dr. Jose Ramon Albert, senior research fellow of state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), stressed that Big Data can complement traditional data sources in relation to th

Read more...





EVENTS CALENDAR

PIDS IN THE NEWS

DATABASE UPDATES



NEDA sa Makati Building
106 Amorsolo Street, Legaspi Village
1229 Makati City, Philippines
Tel.: (63-2) 893-9575 - 77; 893-9585 - 87; 893-9591
Fax: (63-2) 816-1091
Office Hours: Mon.-Thurs. (7:00 a.m.-8:00 p.m.)

Terms of Use . Sitemap . Contact
© 2012 PIDS. All Rights Reserved.