This is to clarify certain issues raised against the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in connection with the 2013 Annual Audit Report of the Commission on Audit (COA), and published in the newspapers and online news web sites today.
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PROMOTING WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE APEC ECONOMIES: SOME RECOMMENDATIONS
Increasing women`s economic participation is not yet universally accepted despite three decades of global advocacy; and women empowerment and gender equality are still a work in progress. A mechanism that can be tapped to promote women`s economic participation is the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). This Policy Note outlines some recommendations on how to enhance women`s participation in the APEC economies. The recommendations are organized into two strands: at the level of the national economy and at the regional level. At the level of the national economy, efforts must now be taken to ensure that women`s economic opportunities are not eroded and that women are prepared to cope with the challenges of the new order. At the regional level, close collaboration with the business sector should lead to the formulation of initiatives that would promote women`s economic empowerment and enterprise growth. || Read more >>
IS POVERTY REALLY DECREASING, AND IF NOT, WHY NOT?
The Philippines has recently experienced economic growth. But economic growth has not translated into poverty reduction. This Policy Note examines trends in official (monetary) poverty statistics. It also looks into why poverty reduction has been historically lackluster in the Philippines using available panel data that provide information on dynamics of household welfare and living conditions in the country. It pointed out that in the period 2003-2009, poor Filipinos were more likely to experience higher income growth but some nonpoor have also been vulnerable to slide into poverty. This suggests that government should not only be concerned with the poor, but should also have policy instruments to assist those who are nonpoor but plagued by economic risks. || Read more >>
CHALLENGES IN THE ECONOMIC PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN AS ENTREPRENEURS
Filipino women are active as entrepreneurs. A Department of Trade and Industry data in 2009 showed that 54 percent of enterprises are owned by women. This Policy Note discusses the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs. To achieve inclusive growth in the Asia-Pacific region, it is critical to increase the economic opportunities of women in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) economies. APEC members must take national-level and regional actions toward creating enabling environments for women enterprises and empowering women entrepreneurs. The significant numbers of women entrepreneurs reflect the huge potential of women to make substantial contributions to the national economy. For this to be realized, they need to be supported through appropriate and timely interventions toward growing and scaling up their business. || Read more >>
THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM: HOPE FOR OUR BALDING FORESTS
This Policy Note briefly reviews the performance so far of the National Greening Program (NGP) at the national and regional levels based on available data and information from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and the Commission on Audit, and from a recent study conducted by PIDS. The study concludes with some recommendations that can be done in the interim to improve the conduct of the NGP. This Note also discusses the newly commenced NGP impact assessment project being conducted by PIDS and other program-related developments. This impact assessment should provide further recommendations for the implementation of the program in its closing years and the conduct of future reforestation programs. || Read more >>
FEEDING SEVERELY WASTED CHILDREN IN SCHOOL: EXAMINING PROCESSES IN DEPED’S SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAM
In the Philippines, the Department of Education (DepED) has been conducting food for education (FFE) programs since 1997. Its current FFE program, the School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP), has for its main objectives the rehabilitation of severely wasted children to normal nutrition status and the improvement of classroom attendance of these children, as well as that of their health and nutrition status and behavior. This Policy Note presents the findings of the process evaluation of the SBFP. In particular, the evaluation examined the processes undertaken by the DepED in the SBFP and complementary activities during SY 2013-2014, when DepED targeted 40,361 beneficiaries enrolled in 814 schools located in 20 provinces and eight cities. The Note finds that while the program has been managed well, there are implementation issues that need to be addressed, and policies that may require adjustments. || Read more >>
CHOKE POINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN OF ASEAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: A PHILIPPINE COUNTRY STUDY
This study identifies and examines "choke points" in the supply chain of two selected commodity groups that are of interest to the region of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: crude coconut oil (which belongs to the HS15 group), and fish and crustacean, mollusks, and other aquatic invertebrates (which belong to the HS03 group). For crude coconut oil, no major choke points were identified from mill site to export stages, but cost and delay factors were found at the farm-to-mill stage, such as low farm productivity, among others. For fisheries, several choke points were identified, such as poor quality of domestic roads and low capacity of vehicles, among others. The study recommends specific types of road investments, a competition policy in domestic shipping (both for crude coconut oil and fisheries), industry restructuring in the case of coconut, and compliance with SPS measures in the case of fisheries. || Read more >>
PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE SADDLED BY POOR IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
The main feature in this issue of the DRN dwells on the critical policy issues in irrigation development confronting the agriculture sector. In particular, it discusses the unsuitable design of irrigation systems arising from poor assumptions and technical calculations, the trade-offs between construction of new systems and rehabilitation of existing ones, operational and maintenance issues, and financing and cost recovery. Since the 1980s, the relevance of continuing the heavy public investments in irrigation expansion has begun to be questioned due to the consistently poor performance of the national irrigation systems. || Read more >>
AMENDING THE ECONOMIC PROVISIONS OF THE 1987 CONSTITUTION
This issue of the EID features the amendment of the economic provisions of the 1987 Constitution. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues. || Read more >>
ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH
This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI. || Read more >>
PIDS to host annual conference of APEC study centers in May
The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), lead convenor of the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN), is organizing the 2015 APEC Study Centers Consortium (ASCC) Conference which will be held on May 12-13, 2015 in Boracay Island, Philippines. The conference is part of the Second Senior Officials Meeting (SOM 2) and related activities.
The conference session will follow the priority areas of APEC 2015, namely: enhancing regional economic integration; fostering SMEs' participation in the regional and global economy; investing in human capital development; and building sustainable and resilient communities.
The annual ASCC Conference provides an excellent opportunity for academics and scholars to discuss and exchange ideas on the APEC themes and to identify areas for regional collaboration among other APEC Study Centers (ASCs). Outcomes of the conference may serve as inputs to the different APEC working group discussions and may be integrated in the Leader's statements.
The PASCN is one of the ASCs in APEC member-economies. ASCs undertake research, disseminate information, and facilitate discussion on APEC-related issues to support the attainment of APEC's vision and goals. The PASCN was established in 1996 through an administrative order as the Philippines' response to the APEC Leaders Education Initiative, which aims to develop regional cooperation in higher education and research. It is composed of the Asian Institute of Management, Ateneo De Manila University, Central Luzon State University, De La Salle University, Mindanao State University, Silliman University, University of Asia and the Pacific, University of San Carlos, University of the Philippines, Xavier University, Department of Foreign Affairs-Foreign Service Institute, and PIDS.
Check out the Call for Papers and other conference details in the ASCC 2015 and PASCN websites.
Inquiries may be forwarded to firstname.lastname@example.org (copy to email@example.com).
To view previous Highlights please click here
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), in its official estimated poverty figures for the first half of 2013, reported that 24.9 percent of Filipinos were poor in the first semester of 2013 based on the 2013 Annual Poverty Indicator Survey (APIS).
Using these official poverty estimates, government officials suggested that the welfare conditions in the country are improving, and even attributed the reduction in poverty to the impact of the government`s version of the co || Read more >>
The traditional adage is that innovation optimizes the evolution of performance. But for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to fully take advantage of the benefits of innovation, hard evidence has to link innovation with improved firm performance. More importantly, the factors that influence firms to innovate, as well as those that discourage them, must be identified and analyzed.
These were the objectives outlined in Does Innovation Mediate Good Firm Performance, a paper || Read more >>
State think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) is holding a Pulong Saliksikan titled "Fed`s Monetary Policy and the Rising Dollar: Impact on Asia and Emerging Economies" on 11 February 2015, Wednesday, from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. at Romulo Hall of the NEDA sa Makati Bldg., 106 Amorsolo St., Legaspi Village, Makati City.
Central banks play a vital role in global growth prospects and currency markets in the near future. In the United States, the economic || Read more >>
The Department of Education`s (DepEd) School-Based Feeding Program (SBFP) is a "well-managed" program according to a study recently released by state think-tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). However, study authors of the study have also identified vital areas that require improvement. Authors Dr. Jose Ramon G. Albert, Ana Maria L. Tabunda and Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa, PIDS senior research fellow, chief research fellow at Pulse Asia, and scientist at the || Read more >>
A recent study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) found some promise in the government`s National Greening Program but suggests there is still room for improvement in areas of information management, monitoring, and fund management.
A recent study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) found some promise in the government`s National Greening Program but suggests there is still room for improvement in ar || Read more >>
The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) continues to be recognized as one of the world`s best think tanks for its outstanding public policy research, analysis, engagement, and impact.
In the 2014 Global Go To Think Tanks Report and Policy Advice of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania, PIDS was recognized in three categories. PIDS remained the top social policy think tank in South East Asia and 37th among the t || Read more >>
The Philippines risks failing to fully enjoy the gains of its economic growth if the government does not adopt a strategic national urbanization blueprint and follow it through with strong implementation.
In a discussion paper originally presented to the Network of East Asian Think-Tanks in Singapore last September, Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) Senior Research Fellow Adoracion M. Navarro concludes that the status of the country`s urban planning and || Read more >>
MOOCs can help make education affordable and accessible
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) can be a good way to make education inclusive.
Speaking at a recent forum organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in Makati City, former World Bank Lead Economist Marito Garcia noted that the escalating cost of tertiary education can deprive poor people from getting high-quality education, and later on, quality high-paying jobs.
MOOCs c || Read more >>
An increase in world prices of agricultural commodities has nuanced impacts: good for the nation`s economy but bad for the poor.
Professor German Calfat, an expert on the relationship and nature of trade and national development at the University of Antwerp, shared this conclusion during a seminar-forum organized by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
His presentation was based on the findings of his research on Poverty impacts of changes in the || Read more >>