Statement of PIDS President Gilbert Llanto regarding media reports on the Commission on Audit findings

This is to clarify certain issues raised against the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in connection with the 2013 Annual Audit Report of the Commission on Audit (COA), and published in the newspapers and online news web sites today. || Read more >>


IN FOCUS: Housing and inclusive growth

Decent living spaces are a critical issue among the poor especially in urban areas. Many of them resort to informal or illegal housing, living in shanties, occupying other people’s land, or squatting in the most unsanitary places unimaginable such as riverbanks, streets, and bridges.

Inequalities in shelter deprivation and access to basic services are most evident particularly in cities where wealth and poverty exist in close proximity. Metro Manila alone is home to more than 4 million slum dwellers threatened by adverse congestion, substandard housing, and deteriorating environment. They suffer from various sickness due to their location and the limited infrastructure available. Effective town and shelter planning and urban infrastructure for people in underserved areas and informal settlements are thus critical first steps to their development.

Relocating informal settlers and victims of natural and human-induc || Read more >>

To view previous In Focus, please click here.


Latest Publications


Reconnaissance Study on the Implementation of Case-Based Payments (DP 2014-42)

Interim Assessment of the PhilHealth CARES Project (DP 2014-41)

Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus Control and Care: A Rapid Situational Analysis for Planning a Coordinated Program Response (DP 2014-40)

Prospects and Challenges of Brain Gain from ASEAN Integration (DP 2014-39)

Community Governance for Disaster Recovery and Resilience: Four Case Studies in the Philippines (DP 2014-38)

VIEW ALL PUBLICATIONS


Featured Publications

CHOKE POINTS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN OF ASEAN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: A PHILIPPINE COUNTRY STUDY

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This study identifies and examines "choke points" in the supply chain of two selected commodity groups that are of interest to the region of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: crude coconut oil (which belongs to the HS15 group), and fish and crustacean, mollusks, and other aquatic invertebrates (which belong to the HS03 group). For crude coconut oil, no major choke points were identified from mill site to export stages, but cost and delay factors were found at the farm-to-mill stage, such as low farm productivity, among others. For fisheries, several choke points were identified, such as poor quality of domestic roads and low capacity of vehicles, among others. The study recommends specific types of road investments, a competition policy in domestic shipping (both for crude coconut oil and fisheries), industry restructuring in the case of coconut, and compliance with SPS measures in the case of fisheries. || Read more >>


PHILIPPINE AGRICULTURE SADDLED BY POOR IRRIGATION SYSTEMS

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The main feature in this issue of the DRN dwells on the critical policy issues in irrigation development confronting the agriculture sector. In particular, it discusses the unsuitable design of irrigation systems arising from poor assumptions and technical calculations, the trade-offs between construction of new systems and rehabilitation of existing ones, operational and maintenance issues, and financing and cost recovery. Since the 1980s, the relevance of continuing the heavy public investments in irrigation expansion has begun to be questioned due to the consistently poor performance of the national irrigation systems. || Read more >>


AMENDING THE ECONOMIC PROVISIONS OF THE 1987 CONSTITUTION

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This issue of the EID features the amendment of the economic provisions of the 1987 Constitution. Amending the Constitution`s economic provisions is an ideal recourse for the Philippines if it wants to benefit from the establishment of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015. The country needs to be competitive in order to take advantage of the growing marketplace of opportunities, especially for small and medium enterprises. Platforms like the AEC and other free trade agreements are gaining more success in terms of reducing or removing market entry and access issues. || Read more >>


PROCESS ASSESSMENT OF THE BOTTOM-UP BUDGETING: THE CASE OF QUEZON PROVINCE

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The Bottom-up Budgeting (BUB) aims to ensure that funding requirements for the development needs of municipalities and cities are included in agency budget proposals. It promotes inclusive participation in community development by empowering civil society organizations to be engaged in the budgeting process. This Policy Note presents the results of a process assessment of the BUB in Quezon Province. It was part of a bigger study, commissioned by the Department of Budget and Management to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, that covered 12 municipalities and cities in four provinces representing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. || Read more >>


WHY GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS AND SERVICES MATTER: IMPLICATION FOR APEC 2015

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Hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 2015 provides an opportunity for the Philippines to advance its economic interests in services trade and contribute to regional integration by highlighting the critical importance of global value chains (GVCs). An output of a research project on APEC 2015 commissioned by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies, this Policy Note looks at the GVC phenomenon and presents a measure of GVC participation at the aggregate level. It discusses the role of services in GVCs and proposes that further analytical work on services value chains in the Asia-Pacific region be undertaken. This will contribute to a better understanding of how individual economies can maximize GVC participation and how APEC can create the appropriate policy environment conducive to the growth of services value chains. || Read more >>


ESTABLISHING THE LINKAGES BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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The 21-member economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have different levels of economic development and, in turn, differentiated stages of human resource development. Given this asymmetry, the benefits of complementation and learning from the experiences of economies that have achieved a certain degree of inclusive growth are worth exploring. This initiative can provide avenues for addressing the development gaps within the Asia-Pacific region, which can contribute to achieving inclusive growth. This Policy Note is an output of a research project on APEC 2015 commissioned by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the Philippine Institute for Development Studies. It discusses the linkages between human resource development and inclusive growth. It also provides policy recommendations on possible cooperative measures in human resource development for APEC member-economies. || Read more >>


ECONOMIC POLICY MONITOR 2013: ADDRESSING THE JOBS CHALLENGE TOWARD INCLUSIVE GROWTH

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This fourth issue of the PIDS Economic Policy Monitor (EPM) focuses on the need to pursue inclusive growth through the expansion of quality job opportunities. It revisits the jobs issue and provides recommendations on how to address it, taking into consideration the socioeconomic and political landscape and historical experience of the Philippines. The theme chapter looks into the causes of the economy`s failure to generate substantial and quality job opportunities by examining the effectiveness of minimum wage and other labor regulations to determine if they are growth and welfare enhancing. The study finds that raising the minimum wage reduces employment in smaller firms, lowers household income, and increases the probability of falling into poverty. Along with recommendations for a minimum wage reform, expansion of gainful job opportunities from the labor-intensive manufacturing sector, and greater investments in education and other human development aspects, the study proposes a 12-point agenda called "Job Expansion and Development Initiatives" or JEDI. || Read more >>



Highlights

JOBS CHALLENGE TAKES CENTER STAGE IN DPRM 2014

Inclusivity remains a critical challenge for the Philippines. Despite an outstanding growth performance in 2013, widespread poverty and joblessness persist - signs that growth continues to benefit only a few. Three million Filipinos were without jobs in 2013 and 7.51 million were underemployed. By 2012, the proportion of the population living below poverty line was 25.2 percent.

The Philippine Development Plan 2011-2016 recommends a number of strategies to enhance job generation, which include, among others, opening legitimate channels for all forms of employment and mutually beneficial work arrangements, and exploiting the country's comparative advantage in labor-intensive activities. In support of the PDP, the 12th Development Policy Research Month (DPRM) has for its theme, "Addressing the Jobs Challenge toward Inclusive Growth", to give emphasis to the urgent need to address the perennially high rates of unemployment and underemployment in the country. With the Philippines in the cusp of major international and regional developments such as the forthcoming ASEAN economy community in 2015, it is high time that we take a look at labor policies and regulations and other binding constraints that hamper the country's ability to generate ample and productive jobs and make use of its abundant resources. We should determine what policy measures and interventions can make a serious dent on high income inequality and poverty incidence.


To view previous Highlights please click here


Press Releases

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PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP KEY TO FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE IN ASEAN

Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mechanism is one way to build infrastructure in the ASEAN, especially in member-states where public funds are insufficient to finance infrastructure development. In a book published by the Economic Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) titled `Financing ASEAN Connectivity,` the authors, composed of 13 ASEAN scholars and experts, stressed the important role of PPP in achieving the objectives of the Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity. ASE || Read more >>


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CHED, DSWD SHOULD REVIEW SELECTION PROCESS FOR TERTIARY SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM FOR THE POOR

Granting financial aid to poor but deserving students to enroll in college is not enough. Government must help ensure these grantees finish their education through a proper selection process. These were the recommendations presented by the latest study released by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS). Authored by PIDS consultant Denise Valerie Silfverberg, the study How should income-based grantees in tertiary education be chosen? is a || Read more >>


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STEPPING UP AND TONING DOWN – DIFFERENT DOSAGE OF COMPETITION FOR SECTORAL BENEFITS

"With the Quantitative Restriction (QR) on import of rice, expected to be abolished in July, 2017, in the Philippines, it is a need of the hour to work out an interim strategy to build the capacity of domestic farmers and other actors to face international competition," claimed Dr. Roehlano Briones, Senior Fellow, Philippines Institute for Development Studies in the third National Reference Group meeting held under the CREW project in Manila, Philippines on 30 October, 2014. || Read more >>


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STUDY FINDS SERIOUS TECHNICAL PROBLEMS IN NIA`S IRRIGATION PROJECTS

A study by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) has identified some serious technical problems and issues in the country`s irrigation systems that need to be resolved immediately. The PIDS study noted that irrigation has been receiving the largest share of the total agriculture budget but its performance has always been below expectation. The proposed 2015 national budget allocated PHP 29 billion for the National Irrigation Administration (N || Read more >>


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PH ON TARGET TO ACHIEVING HEALTH-RELATED MDGS BUT ACCESS TO HEALTHCARE REMAINS UNEQUAL—PIDS

Although the Philippines is on track in achieving many of the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), inequities in accessibility, availability and affordability of health services across the country still exists. Speaking at a regional forum on the Philippine Health Sector Performance in Cebu City, Dr. Celia Reyes, Senior Research Fellow of state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) said the recent economic gains have not translated t || Read more >>


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CHILD POVERTY IN PH ON THE RISE - STUDY

The number of children living in poverty in the Philippines continues to climb despite the country`s recent economic gains. According to a study titled `Child Poverty in the Philippines` by state think tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), there were already about 13.4 million Filipino children living in poverty in 2009. `This number represents 36 percent or more than one-third of all Filipino children aged below 18. Being poor, they suffer from deprivat || Read more >>


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