Date Published:
Apr 26, 2021
Focus Area(s):
RPS 2021-02

This study evaluates the implementation of the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) program. Using qualitative methods consisting of key informant interviews with former and current Department of Education officials and focus group discussions with teachers and parents, it looked into the program theory, service delivery and utilization, and program organization. An online survey was also conducted to determine the extent of implementation at the school level. Findings show the breadth of challenges faced by the program from conceptualization to execution. It had to deal with linguistic diversity in the classroom, which challenges the primary model of implementation that assumes that a child is exposed to only one mother tongue rather than several. Another important conceptual issue is the lack of understanding and wrong appreciation of the basic rationale of the program among school implementers and parents. In terms of implementation, the program has been hampered by procurement issues and the lack of designated funds for operational activities, forcing it to compete with other school needs to fund its activities.


This publication has been cited 10 times

In the Media
  1. Albano, Estanislao, Jr. 2021. Experience of private schools proves folly of DepEd’s Mother Tongue policy.
  2. Balagtas, Camille. 2022. Gatchalian flags ‘unprepared’ MTB-MLE rollout. Journal Online.
  3. Estanislao C. Albano Jr. . 2021. Silence from Mother Tongue advocates.
  4. Fernandez, Daniza. 2022. Gatchalian alarmed most PH schools not ready for mother tongue-based learning. Inquirer.
  5. Ordinario, Cai. 2021. PIDS researchers point out medium of instruction-mother tongue mismatch. BusinessMirror.
  6. Philippine Star. 2022. DepEd to junk 'mother tongue' subject, but not as medium of instruction. Philippine Star.
  7. Pinlac, Beatrice. 2022. DepEd ‘to abandon mother tongue as subject’ but not as medium of instruction. Inquirer.
  8. Ramos-Araneta, Macon. 2022. Study notes PH language education not effective. Manila Standard.
  9. Senate of the Philippines . 2022. Gatchalian flags lack of readiness to roll out mother tongue-based education. Senate of the Philippines .
  10. Torregoza, Hannah. 2022. Gatchalian pushes gov’t to roll out ‘mother tongue’-based learning ASAP. Manila Bulletin.

Main Menu

Secondary Menu